Newark Earthworks Center 

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Hopewell Interaction Sphere 

 The Hopewell mound sites have revealed an abundance of materials and objects produced of materials that were not found in the mound areas.  Cooper from the upper Great Lakes, mica from southern Appalachian mountains, shells from the Gulf Coast and obsidian from the Rocky mountains are a few of these materials.  Archaeologist Joseph Caldwell coined the term “The Hopewell Interaction Sphere,” to describe this exchange network.  Objects made of flint from Licking County's Flint Ridge are found in these distant places. This suggests that there was considerable movement of goods, ideas, and symbols in and out of the Newark Earthworks.

 Curiously, great quantities of material from distant places are found in Newark but only handfuls of items made from Flint Ridge flint are found on the other end of the Hopewell Interaction Sphere. Archeaologist Bradley Lepper suggests that pilgrims who came to Newark took small flint items home with them as tokens of their pilgrimage.


Picture: Copyright: Voyageur Media Group, Inc.