Newark Earthworks Center
The Newark Earthworks Center (NEC) is an interdisciplinary academic center of The Ohio State University that develops projects and research about the American Indian cultures that produced the monumental Midwestern earthen architecture in order to advance understanding of the cultural and scientific achievements of American Indians to the world. The NEC's projects emphasize American Indian knowledge of the earthworks landscape in the Ohio River Valley, from human settlement until the present.
Since 2006, the NEC has successfully initiated strategies to inform Ohio citizens about brilliant ancient Indigenous earthen architecture and contemporary American Indian issues. The center supports tribal governments' self-determination and cultural sovereignty in their essential roles relating to the preservation, interpretation, and stewardship of pre-contact and historic Indigenous places within their ancestral lands. The NEC seeks to develop respectful reciprocal, sustainable relationships between American Indian tribal governments and Ohio State University faculty, staff, and students to identify research and project goals.
We have been fortunate enough to host several tribal governmental visits by the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, Pokagon Band of Potawatomi, Wyandotte Nation, as well as Native artists and writers, and faculty throughout our history.
The Newark Earthworks: Enduring Monuments, Contested Meanings (edited by Dr. Lindsay Jones and Dr. Richard Shiels, University of Virginia Press, 2016) came from our first-ever symposium where leading scholars of ancient sites turned their expertise to the Newark Earthworks and demonstrates the NEC's commitment to bringing multidisciplinary perspectives to Ohio's narratives.
Photo credit: Tim Black
Newark Earthworks Center
The Ohio State University at Newark
1179 University Drive
Newark, OH 43055
Newark Earthworks Center Welcomes New Director
John N. Low, PhD
Marti L. Chaatsmith
For recent news and our calendar, please visit our blog
Indigenous Peoples Day - 2021 Celebration!
Potawatomi Removals: Forced and "Voluntary" - Zoom Webinar
Monday, Oct 11, 7 p.m.
The removals of many Potawatomi from the land regions of around southern Lake Michigan – the result of socio-political, cultural conflict, and diminishing resource pressures – is the focus of this event. The "voluntary" removals, largely traced back to the Chicago 1833 treaty, and one forced removal, the Trail of Death, will be discussed in detail by our speaker, Dr. George Godfrey.
Newark Earthworks Center receives Scenic Ohio Award
The Newark Earthworks Center is proud to announce it is one of six organizations to receive a 2016 Scenic Ohio Award in recognition of their collective work to preserve Ohio landscapes. The Scenic Ohio Awards recognize community organizations, government agencies and individuals who have improved, conserved, protected and enhanced Ohio's scenic resources. The 2016 Scenic Ohio Award recipients also include National Park Service, Ohio History Connection, Dayton Society of Natural History, Arc of Appalachia and Explore Licking County.
The Scenic Ohio Awards recognize community organizations, government agencies, and individuals who have improved, conserved, protected and enhanced Ohio's scenic resources.
Book published about the Newark Earthworks!
The Newark Earthworks are a mystery of the ancient world. However, a new book, written and edited by Dr. Lindsay Jones and Dr. Richard Shiels called The Newark Earthworks: Enduring Monuments, Contested Meanings, answers some of the questions surrounding the geometrical mounds of earth that were built nearly two thousand years ago.
“Dakota and Ojibwe Skies” (a virtual event)
Tuesday, March 9
Community members were invited to attend “Dakota and Ojibwe Skies,” a virtual discussion led by Jim Rock, PhD, (Dakota) director of indigenous programming at the Marshall W. Alworth Planetarium, University of Minnesota. They learned how our American Indian ancestors used the moon, earthen architecture and a turtle’s shell to predict astronomical events with remarkable precision.
Rock, a citizen of the Dakota Nation, is a faculty member in the Department of Physics and Astronomy and director of indigenous programming for the Marshall W. Alworth Planetarium at the University of Minnesota Duluth. In 2014 he co-authored the book D(L)akota Star Map Constellation Guide and has co-published several journal articles on Dakota sacred mound and cave sites. He will discuss both topics from his published works in addition to local connections with the Newark Earthworks and the Serpent Mound in Peebles.
This event is part of the Blowing off STEAM (science, technology, engineering, art, mathematics) informal community-based discussion series. Blowing off Steam is a collaboration between The Ohio State University at Newark, Denison University and the Granville Public Library. The Newark Earthworks Center is also a sponsor for “Dakota and Ojibwe Skies."Giving Thanks: Myths & Realities of American Indian Issues & Rights
Monday, November 23, 2020
During this time of year, many Americans partake in traditions that involve preconceptions and idealized versions of our relationship with American Indians. Yet current tribal members continue to deal with a reality that is connected to the past, and the impact involving many rights and representations in the U.S. today.
Please join us for this session, as we discuss current issues that impact the rights and life outcomes of Indigenous Americans. This presentation will include misconceptions, intergroup relationships, issues relating to representation, voting rights, and health outcomes. Additionally, we will discuss the dynamics and effects of tribal sovereignty and portrayal and use of mascots.
Presented by the Student Engagement Team (SET) which is comprised of faculty, staff, and students with special presenter, John Low, PhD. Our SET team includes Karess Gilcrease (Retention), Eric Jorrey (COTC
faculty), Katie Blocksidge (Director of Library), Charlene Ross (Academic Advisor), Tiyi Morris, PhD (OSU faculty), Stephayne Harris (Clinical Counselor), Kiara Bean (Student Employee), and Vorley Taylor (Multicultural Affairs).
NOTE: On the registration page, students can list their instructor that is offering extra credit to attend this event. You will receive the attendee list within 3-5 days (request to receive sooner by email). If extra credit was offered for previous events, and you have not received an attendee’s list, send inquiry to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Indigenous Peoples Day – Monday, October 12, 2020
A Conversation with Dr. Melissa Beard Jacob and Dr. Daniel Rivers
Zoom Registration required - please see above link for more information and to register.
This event is free and open to the public.
Computer projection of the lunar standstill at the Octagon State Memorial, Newark Earthworks.
Image created by CERHAS, University of Cincinnati.
Happy Indigenous Peoples’ Day!
WHAT IS INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ DAY AND WHO CELEBRATES IT?
Indigenous Peoples’ Day is a holiday celebrated on the second Monday of October in the United States, in lieu of Columbus Day. Indigenous Peoples’ Day, at its core, aims to celebrate and honor the past, present, and futures of Native peoples throughout the United States and acknowledges the legacy of colonialism, which has devastated Indigenous communities historically and continues to negatively impact them today. More importantly, however, Indigenous Peoples’ Day moves beyond the narrative of oppression and honors the histories, cultures, contributions, and resilience of contemporary Native peoples.
WHY IS CELEBRATING INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ DAY IMPORTANT?
Celebrating Indigenous Peoples’ Day in lieu of Columbus Day has three obvious benefits:
- It promotes the visibility of Natives peoples and counters the narrative that we are a vanishing race or curiosities from the past. Native peoples are here!
- Celebrating Indigenous Peoples’ Day connects diverse Indigenous peoples in the United States together in a common celebration of their Native heritages.
- It connects Indigenous peoples in the U.S. to other Native peoples around the world.
Indigenous Peoples’ Day de-mythologizes the arrival of Columbus and Europeans to the Western Hemisphere and rightly celebrates the first peoples of these lands.
Spring Open House: Octagon Earthworks
Sunday, April 5 and Monday, April 6
Free and open to the public.
Dawn to dusk.
North 3rd Street, Newark, OH
The grounds of the Octagon State Memorial will be open for free. We encourage everyone to walk the entire earthworks to experience the beauty of this amazing site.The largest complex of geometric mounds in the world, the Hopewell Ceremonial Earthworks encompassed about 3,000 acres when built more than 2,000 years ago by people of the Hopewell culture. They are notable for their precise geometry that provide astronomical alignments with the moon during its 18-year and 219-day cycle that culminates in the Major Lunar Standstill, observed by cultures throughout the world. Their scale is to the land where they reside and is enormous: the Octagon was built with an area of 50 acres. The connecting walkway is the length of a football field, and the Circle has an area of 20 acres. The walls of the earthen enclosures are tall enough to block the view inside, and the walls are curved and smooth.Their significance in both size and history have made them a proposed World Heritage serial nomination that includes nine archeological sites in south-central Ohio constructed during the Woodland Period (1-1000 CE). At present the Octagon Earthworks is also the site of the Moundbuilders Country Club golf course; the entire grounds are open to the public four times a year. Newark’s Octagon and Great Circle Earthworks are managed by the Ohio History Connection.
Great Circle Earthworks: Formerly known as Moundbuilders State Memorial, the Great Circle Earthworks is nearly 1,200 feet in diameter and was likely used as a vast ceremonial center by its builders. The 8 feet (2.4 m) high walls surround a 5 feet (1.5 m) deep moat, except at the entrance where the dimensions are even greaterand more impressive.
Octagon Earthworks: Enclosing 50 acres, the Octagon Earthworks has eight walls, each measuring about 550 feet long and from five to six feet in height. The Octagon Earthworks are joined by parallel walls to a circular embankment enclosing 20 acres. At present the Octagon Earthworks is also the site of the Mound Builders Country Club golf course. The entire grounds are open four times a year, during daylight hours. Tours and programs are scheduled during each open house. The 2020 Open House dates are: Sunday, April 5 and Monday, April 6, Monday, July 27, Sunday, October 18.
September 13 - December 15, 2019
Potawatomi basket making is a reclamation and recovery of a powerful piece of native knowledge and technology and represents a potent counter-colonial and counter-hegemonic act with lasting implications. This exhibit reflects an understanding that objects are not lifeless things that occupy space. They have spirit and meaning. Centered upon intellectual and material property, basket weaving is an opportunity for Native women and men to make their own histories by using the past to ‘read’ the present.
Sponsored by grants from the Global Arts & Humanities/ Indigenous Arts & Humanities Initiative, the Program in American Indian Studies, the Milliken Fund at the Ohio State Newark, and the Newark Earthworks Center.
"Confronting the STEM Syndrome"
Assistant Professor Michael Stamatikos, Ph.D.,TEDx TALKS, The Ohio State University. (April 2019) Watch here.
November 20, 2017 through May 1, 2018
Free and open to the public.
November 8, 2017
Lecture: Lakota's Philosophy of Life: Tuesday October 10, 2017
Guest Lecturer: Guy Jones (Wakuwa La)
Jones, a Hunkpapa Lakota and full-blood member of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, carries in his heart a strength that comes from living in today’s diverse society and the spiritual wisdom of his Lakota upbringing. He has unselfishly devoted his life to the sharing of this knowledge in the interest of promoting healing and respect for American Indians. He speaks honestly on such topics as life on the reservation, the shattering effects of governmental policies, environmental issues, the challenges of drug and alcohol abuse and the survival of his culture.
Sponsored by Multicultural Affairs and Native American Studies at Ohio State Newark
Photo: L to R, Newark Earthworks Center Director Marti Chaatsmith, Guy Jones and Associate Professor of Comparative Studies Dr. John Low.
Preserving American Indian Culture
All Sides with Ann Fisher
September 29, 2016, WOSU
Guests: Marti Chaatsmith, Interim Director of the Newark Earthworks Center; Kerry Holton, President of the Delaware Nation; & Daryl Baldwin, Director of the Myaamia Center at Miami University
Topic: Reconnecting modern day American Indian Culture with their rich history
Observations and ceremonies are being held across the land until June 29 to mark the 2016 National Days of Prayer to Protect Native American Sacred Places.
In Ohio, observations are being held at the Great Circle and Octagon Earthworks in Newark, Hopewell Culture National Historic Park in Chillicothe, Mound City & Fort Ancient Earthworks in Oregonia, and Serpent Mound in Peebles.
Lunar Alignment at the Octagon Earthworks
You are invited to see the moon rise in alignment with the Octagon Earthworks. Very few people have experienced this event for hundreds of years.
Join us on either of two evenings: Friday, November 27, or Saturday, November 28. Bring your family and friends. You will be the guests of The Ohio State University's Newark Earthworks Center and the Ohio History Connection.
We will see a northern minimum moonrise at this amazing site built by ancestors of American Indians two thousand years ago. Here is what it looked like earlier this fall:
Friday, November 27, 2015 from 6:15 - 7:45 p.m.
Saturday November 28, 2015 from 7:15 - 8:45 p.m.
Open to the public.
125 N. 33rd Street, Newark, OH
The moon follows an 18.6 year cycle. The Newark Octagon, built two thousand years ago by ancestors of today’s American Indians, aligns with eight “standstill points” in the cycle of the moon. Those who built the Octagon understood that every month the place on the horizon where the moon first rises moves south for roughly 14 nights and then returns again. Further, the distance it moves between the first and 14th night grows greater every month for 9.3 years and then shrinks again until it is the same distance it had been at the beginning.
These ancient America Indians identified four "standstills" points when the rising moon seemed to stop going in one direction and began going in the other: the northernmost rising of the moon and the southern-most, the northern minimum and the southern minimum. They also observed another four times when the setting moon did the same: the northernmost and southernmost moonset, the northern minimum and southern minimum moonset.
Although the moon arrives at each of these standstill points only once every 18.6 years, it is very close to each of them on several nights. November 27 and 28 are the last dates on which we are likely to see the northern minimum moonrise for the next 18.6 years.
A rare moon alignment took place at the Newark Earthworks Octagon this fall. To celebrate the occasion, the public was invited to visit and tour the Octagon Earthworks on Sunday, October 11, 2015.
Eight different moon alignments are built into the Octagon site, some of which will occur later this fall, such as the northern and southern moonrises and moonsets expected to begin on October 17th at approximately 10:05 p.m. These spectacular lunar alignments and the unbelievable precision with which these mounds were built are just two reasons the Newark Earthworks, Fort Ancient Earthworks and earthworks at Hopewell Culture National Historical Park in Chillicothe are being promoted for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage site list.
This free event is open to anyone excited to learn more about the amazing alignments of the moon and the Octagon, which only occurs about every 18 years. Tour guides from The Ohio State University’s Newark Earthworks Center and the Ohio History Connection will be present to lead guests through the site and explain the lunar alignment phenomenon.
The American Indian site known as the Octagon was built approximately 2000 years ago and is one of the most spectacular surviving remnants of the Newark Earthworks. The octagonal enclosure is large enough to contain four Roman Colosseums and is connected to a perfectly circular enclosure 1,054 feet in diameter. The architecture of the Octagon Earthworks encodes a sophisticated understanding of geometry and astronomy. The Octagon State Memorial is part of the Hopewell Ceremonial Earthworks and is a National Historical landmark.
2014 Autumn Semester: My Dream Show by Candi Wesaw
LeFevre Art Gallery
The Ohio State University at Newark
Candi Wesaw is from Hartford, Michigan and a citizen of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indian Nation (although her blood lines also include Nottawaseppi Huron and Gun Lake bands of Potawatomi, and Little River Odawa). She has is deeply connected to her culture, heritage, and the arts. She works in multiple mediums and formats, including illustration, textiles, photography, and traditional native arts. Candi Wesaw has illustrated a series of children’s books about the Potawatomi, and is motivated to share her talent with youngsters to promote mutual cultural understandings. Examples of her work can be found, here.
For more information about artist Candi Wesaw, click here.
A reception for the artist was held on October 12, 2014 at the LeFevre Art Gallery. For more information and photos click here.
OCTAGON OPEN HOUSE HELD OCTOBER 12, 2014
On October 12, 2014, the grounds of the Octagon State Memorial were opened to the public
for general strolling and viewing from sunrise to sunset.
Special guests, Candi Wesaw and other citizens of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indian Nation were given a guided tour of the memorial by Dick Shiels, Director of the Newark Earthworks Center.
Dick Shiels starts the tour for the Pokagon Band. Deborah and Bruce Delk (photo on right) lead the caravan of golf carts to their first destination.
Roger Williams, Linda Morseau, Stanley Morseau, Susan Truesdell and Maxine Marigotta enjoying the tour.
Members of the Pokagon Band of the Potatowami Indian Nation enjoy a beautiful day during the tour of the Octagon State Memorial led by Dick Shiels, Director of the Newark Earthworks Center. Eighteen elders of the Pokagon Band travelled to Newark from southwest Michigan and northwest Indiana to attend the open house and an artist's reception for Candi Wesaw. Pictured at right is Majel DeMarsh.
In the five photos above, local citizens tour the Octagon Earthworks State Memorial, opened to the public for tours and viewing on October 12, 2014.